Orthodox Christianity 101


Orthodoxy views the Church as the mystical Body of Christ, the community of believers united in faith, sacraments, and apostolic succession under the guidance of bishops. Founded by Christ and endowed with the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost, the Church is the visible manifestation of God's kingdom on earth, entrusted with the proclamation of the Gospel and the administration of the sacraments. It comprises the faithful of all ages and cultures, transcending national, ethnic, and linguistic boundaries, and exists in three interrelated dimensions: the Church Militant on earth, the Church Expectant in purgatory, and the Church Triumphant in heaven. The Church serves as the locus of salvation, the bearer of divine truth, and the communion of saints, fostering unity, holiness, and mission in the world. Its hierarchical structure, liturgical worship, and apostolic succession ensure continuity with the teachings and practices of the early Church, preserving orthodoxy and guarding against error.
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